Transparent as ice

New Zealand apparel-maker Icebreaker took a long look in the mirror to create an exhaustive Transparency Report aimed at showing its retail partners and customers what lies behind the wool.
Publish date:
Icebreaker Transparency Report

Robert Butson and daughter Kate. Location: Mt Nicholas Station, Queenstown, New Zealand

Eight years after becoming the first wool company in the world to incorporate traceability into its products (with its innovative “Baacode”), and just two months after announcing its acquisition by VF Corp., New Zealand’s 22-year-old Icebreaker turns the spotlight on its own practices to see what’s working internally and what isn’t. Tracy Ross spoke with CEO Greg Smith about the recently released 61-page “Made Different” transparency report. It’s a fascinating document, but a lot to digest, so we asked Smith to break it down and give us some of the highlights about the company’s strengths, weaknesses, and initiatives going forward. 

Tracy Ross: Most obvious question first: Why a transparency report 22 years after Icebreaker entered the merino wool market?

Greg Smith: It’s taken us 22 years to craft our business….and we haven’t finished yet. This report is the result of our 22 years of commitment to building an ethical and sustainable business. While we’re not perfect, we’re proud of what we have achieved.

Icebreaker Transparency Report

Greg Smith, CEO of Icebreaker

There’s been a consumer shift in people wanting to better understand the companies they purchase their products from—beyond the marketing spiels they read on hangtags or in ads.

The launch of our Transparency Report is about sharing the Icebreaker way, our philosophy and the principals that drive our business daily. Insight on our supply chain, people and how we make our clothes is incredibly important to our customers and for Icebreaker, as leaders in our industry, we want to champion how clothing is made. We are extremely proud of our natural fiber heritage and relationships throughout our supply chain and know transparency provides a catalyst for change and improvement. It’s not about perfection, but it is about being open on how to continuously improve for the future.

TR: Do you anticipate customers reading a 61-page report?

GS: We know many of our customers and end consumers are hungry for this level of detail. We’ll also be sharing bite-sized content across our ecommerce and social media channels with quick facts and easy-to-digest information…so watch this space!

TR: From a transparency perspective, why should people choose New Zealand wool over American wool?

GS: I think it comes down to this: We’ve never been a company that set out to win and conquer. We’re about kinship and relationships. So, from a business perspective, if there are other brands creating the growing the merino category, that’s great. But Icebreaker merino really is unique. Our long lasting term relationships with merino farmers in New Zealand has allowed us to develop unrivaled expertise in specifying and selecting the finest quality merino. We specify length, strength, diameter, consistency, color, and cleaness…we even specify an Icebreaker crimp and  structure!

Icebreaker Transparency Report

In its Inaugural Transparency report, Icebreaker shares its factories audit results. The factories score an exceptional 9.2/average, well above the industry average of 7.6/10 *Source: Based on Asia Inspection data from 533 audits over last 12 months

The merino sheep can survive in 86°F and -10°F in the New Zealand southern alps. They’re incredibly hardy and so is the wool they produce. It’s far superior to regular wool, feels amazing against your body, is highly breathable, regulates tempature and doesn’t hold odor like plastic synthetics.

TR: So will Icebreaker ever completely rid its products of plastic?

GS: Our belief is that nature has a better way, and our R&D team are relentlessly pursuing natural fiber alternatives to synthetic fibres. Currently 85 percent of our supply chain is based on natural materials – which in an industry based on petrochemical synthetics is unheard of!

Icebreaker Transparency Report

To make our ‘top to toe’ layering system possible, there are times when we combine our merino with other fibres. This is only ever to enhance the functionality of merino. We never do this to make the fabrics cheaper, or to make up for poor quality merino. Can you imagine your socks and underwear without a touch of Lycra for stretch and comfort?

Technology for natural alternatives is moving fast we want to be at the forefront of offering consumers a natural alternative.

TR: You were recently acquired by VF, the company that owns The North Face. Seems with its capital, you’ll be able to chase things like plastic-free development more aggressively.

GS: Yes. Our partnership with VF translates to growth around research and development. When we spoke with the VF team, they were so excited about natural performance disrupting the outdoor industry for good. Our partnership with VF provides us with the largest platform in the world to share our philosophy and sustainable approach to business.

TR: Icebreaker has always maintained that ethical sourcing is one of its key beliefs. How does this play out with the sheep?

GS: Since our inception Icebreaker established long term contracts with merino wool growers, based on genuine trust and mutual concern for animal welfare and the environment. In 2008, Icebreaker became the first company in the world to ban mulesing of sheep as part of our work to champion animal welfare.

Transparency Report EN_Five Freedoms

This practice removes strips of wool-bearing skin from around the buttocks of the sheep as a means to protect flystrike – and can be painful for sheep. Icebreaker growers have replaced this with integrated methods for management, prevention and treatment that make mulesing unnecessary. We are proud this has now been widely adopted by the industry, and is lasting legacy to the impact that brave business decisions can make on a global scale.

Beyond mulesing we guarantee the ‘five freedoms’ of the sheep, so you can feel happy in the knowledge that the sheep felt just as good making your Icebreaker, as you will wearing it!

Icebreaker Transparency Report

Xiao Liang Xu, Machine Operator, 19 years service. Location: Chargeurs, Shanghai, China

TR: What other values does Icebreaker hold that people should know about?

Icebreaker Transparency Report

Committed to long term relationships 65% of Icebreaker’s production volume is still made by the first two offshore suppliers Icebreaker started working with 13 years ago.

GS: Well, 1997 we introduced three-year contracts to farmers, which speaks to our long-term commitment to supporting relationships in our supply chain. As you might know, wool is sold on the open market, and prices fluctuate constantly. When Jeremy Moon (Icebreaker’s founder) introduced these contracts, it changed our farmers’ lives forever. All of a sudden, their entire year wasn’t based on what happened in one day. When they had a contract, it guaranteed how much they would make over the next three years: Growers could get loans against the contract and invest in their land. And when you can invest in the land, you’re investing in the healthiness of the sheep and the quality of the garment. This year, we have just introduced 10-year contracts. We believe this is another world first and demonstrates our deep commitment to people, nature and New Zealand merino.

TR: I personally think the idea of the bio bag (a 100 percent water soluble packaging product that Icebreaker is planning to employ in 2020) is one of the coolest things the company is introducing to its production. Whose idea was it to create the bag?

GS: The idea to create the bag came from the supply chain team within our business. At Icebreaker, we attract people who want to make a difference, who share common beliefs and believe deeply in what we are doing. ‘Sustainability’ isn’t a department, it’s our way of business, and this project is a great example of our approach.

TR: And how will using the bag help the environment?

GS: The bag will essentially be a carbohydrate – so it will fully breakdown in any environment and eliminate the effects of microplastics. It will have no negative impact and could in fact source as a food source for fish!

TR: What’s been the response to your transparency report so far?

Icebreaker Transparency Report

Greasy Icebreaker merino fleece is cleaned into stunning merino 'Tops' at Charguers, Shanghai

GS: We’re launching the report to consumers in March but have already had overwhelming positive response from industry, supply chain partners, and our internal team. Until now, we haven’t been great at sharing all the details of our approach to building a sustainable business, but we relish any opportunity to do so. We aren’t perfect—we make that very clear, and feedback has been that partners have loved this refreshingly honest approach. Like life, transparency is a journey—and those consumers deeply interested in how their clothing is made can now feel part of sharing Icebreaker’s journey.

Read the full report here.

icebreaker Made-Different-Ad-500x80


A herd of sheep walk in a group through a field toward distant mountains

Icebreaker plans to completely remove synthetic fibers from its products by 2023

To celebrate turning 25 last year, Icebreaker passed on the birthday blowout for itself and instead decided to throw a party for the planet. The New Zealand-based global apparel brand decided it would honor the earth through an ongoing environmental campaign designed to more


The C-Spot | Ann Krcik from The North Face

SNEWS: What prompted you to start OIWC, and how was it received back then? AK: In the early 90s there were woman creating careers in the Outdoor Industry—like Kitty Bradley from Nike, Sally McCoy at The North Face, Niede Cooley at Marmot, Karen t’Kint from FiveTen, and Joan more

Jeremy Moon and Rob Frye of Icebreaker

VF acquires Icebreaker

Icebreaker announced today that it has been acquired by VF Corporation. The U.S.-based company owns many big name brands, including SmartWool, Vans, The North Face, and Timberland. The terms of the deal were not disclosed. Founder Jeremy Moon says the inspiration for starting more

Therm-a-Rest founders Jim Lean and John Burroughs with the original mattress at the Seattle factory in 1972.

Cascade Designs: All in the family

Forty-six years ago, a passionate hiker, climber and camper named John Burroughs had a groundbreaking idea: Sleeping on the solid earth, surrounded by the wilderness that he loved, shouldn’t need to be miserable. Burroughs had a PhD in electrical engineering from Stanford and, at more

Photo shows Travis Campbell fly-fishing. Campell is the board chair of the Outdoor Industry Association and general manager of The North Face, Americas.

Smartwool president Travis Campbell

In January 2017, Travis Campbell took the steering wheel at Smartwool following Mark Satkiewicz’s abrupt departure. Prior to the move, Campbell served as the president and CEO of Far Bank Enterprises, an integrated manufacturer and distributor of fly fishing produces and owner more


The numbers don't lie: VF is serious about inclusion

VF Corporation released its 2020 Inclusion and Diversity Annual Profile to the public in recent days, providing an in-depth look at the company’s global efforts to create a highly inclusive culture that celebrates the diversity among its 50,000 employees. The report—the first more

Davis Smith, Cotopaxi

Where Davis Smith sees Cotopaxi in 10 years

A couple of years ago, Cotopaxi was a small brand with five backpacks. Now, the company makes more than 150 SKUs, and the stories behind some of its products have gone viral. Cotopaxi is a colorful company in ways that go way beyond its signature neon hues: It runs a highly more


Wool, American style

Way out here in the middle of southwestern Wyoming, a massive operation is under way. Sheep rancher Jon Child—plus two of his sons, their wives, and their children—create a ruckus. It’s shearing day. By sundown, some 1,100 Merino Rambouillet sheep will have been liberated from more


The C-Spot | Mark DeYoung, CEO of Vista Outdoor

Consumers might never even hear the name Vista Outdoor, but that’s just the way CEO Mark DeYoung likes it. Because at Vista, parent company of CamelBak, Jimmy Styks, Giro, Bell, Bushnell and more than 40 other outdoor companies, it’s all about the brands. The Utah native sat down more