Additional reporting and writing by SNEWS contributing editor Kiran Herbert

On October 31, 2019, The Colorado Sun broke a huge story that became one of the year’s biggest scandals in the outdoor industry.

According to the Sun, the large online retailer Backcountry.com had engaged for years in an aggressive, behind-the-scenes legal campaign to increase its leverage of the word “backcountry.” According to public records, the company filed dozens of legal actions against businesses using “backcountry” in their trade or product names, from multinational players like Exxel Outdoors all the way down to boutique food and beverage producers like Wild Barn Coffee (formerly Backcountry Nitro; the company changed its name after receiving legal threats) in Boulder, Colorado.

The revelation outraged the outdoor community. Shortly after the news broke, a firestorm erupted on social media. A Facebook group calling for a boycott of the online retailer gained thousands of followers almost overnight. CEO Jonathan Nielsen received online threats and a flurry of bad press descended on Backcountry.

A week later, Nielsen broke his silence in an exclusive interview with SNEWS to offer an apology, announcing that Backcountry would “reexamine” its approach to trademark protection and make amends with those it had wronged. Nielsen fired his legal team and set out on a cross-country road trip to meet with the very business owners he had threatened.

Backcountry’s apology, Nielsen made clear, would include material compensation with terms set on a case-by-case basis by the affected companies. In other words, Backcountry opened its checkbook and asked, "What can we do to make this right?"

For that little coffee manufacturer in Colorado, Wild Barn, compensation involved an exclusive coffee vendor contract for Backcountry's 2020 Stoke Series (cancelled because of the pandemic), marketing and business development assistance, and the purchase of a pallet of Wild Barn coffee to be sold on Backcountry.com. 

Jonathan Nielsen headshot, Backcountry CEO

Former Backcountry CEO Jonathan Nielsen received online threats after The Colorado Sun broke a story about his company's aggressive legal practices last year.

Emily Hargraves, the owner of another targeted group, the avalanche-education company Backcountry Babes, asked Backcountry to fund scholarships that would help women attend avalanche rescue courses.

Plans were drafted to make good on these and more promises. Then, in June of last year, Nielsen was abruptly replaced by Melanie Cox as CEO. With the company still in crisis, Cox inherited the mess and picked up the recovery process where Nielsen left off.

The Backcountry dispute, one year later

More than a year has passed since the scandal broke, and across much of the industry, the ill will toward Backcountry has started to fade. But how many of those promises made by Nielsen, and inherited by Cox, have been kept?

“Over the past six months, Backcountry has been focused on evolution, which has come with significant change,” Cox told SNEWS this week. “As we look ahead, this next chapter for our company includes rebuilding trust with the communities that we serve so proudly.”

Backcountry has worked with “several of the brands” it hassled in last year’s trademark dispute to “make amends and help them to rebuild their businesses,” Cox said, adding that “if brands feel like we have not honored the mutually agreed upon commitments, then we are open to hearing from them directly.”

Due to confidentiality provisions set out in those agreements, Cox said Backcountry cannot comment on any specific actions it has taken, but she assures the outdoor community that the company “has fully complied with terms of all the agreements, and we have not heard otherwise from any of the companies involved.”

Seven and a half months after Backcountry's trademark fiasco began, Melanie Cox replaced Nielsen as CEO.

Seven and a half months after Backcountry's trademark fiasco began, Melanie Cox replaced Nielsen as CEO.

Talking to businesses affected by Backcountry’s legal threats

To see if that assessment aligns with the feelings of business owners targeted by Backcountry, we checked in with six of them. Most were moderately satisfied with how things turned out, though some feelings of disappointment have lingered.

“After Jonathan [Nielsen] left, I tried to contact the new CEO, as well as the new woman who took over marketing [Sarah Crockett], and neither one of them got back to me,” said Jenny Verrochi, co-owner of Wild Barn Coffee, who noted that some of the promises Nielsen made were never honored.

“Backcountry definitely promised a lot more marketing,” she said. “They said that they would get our coffee into the hands of people in their retail shop in Salt Lake City and their main headquarters, and that didn't happen. I'm assuming it's due to the pandemic.”

Cox and the rest of the team at Backcountry were apparently unaware of that commitment.

“Each agreement [made with the affected companies] contains a clause confirming that the agreement encompasses all prior understandings, written or oral,” Cox said. “We are not aware of commitments made by former CEO Jonathan Nielsen that were not incorporated into the agreements.”

Backcountry makes moves in the right direction

Other affected organizations—including snowboard manufacturer Weston Backcountry and the nonprofit Backcountry Discovery Routes—spoke more positively about the outcome, if only slightly.

“We did reach an agreement with them but I can’t disclose what that was, for legal reasons,” said Sean Eno, director of marketing at Weston Backcountry. “They have been making progress to hold up the bargain, so we’re generally happy. They are getting to a better place. I’m keeping my fingers crossed that they’re done with the tactics they were pursuing.”

Inna Thorn, director of operations at Backcountry Discovery Routes, was similarly terse.

“The dispute has been resolved to the satisfaction of both parties,” she wrote in an email. She declined to go into more detail.

Water under the bridge, some outdoor companies say

Marquette Backcountry Skis and the avalanche-education company Backcountry Babes were more effusive. Both consider the dispute fully resolved.

Backcountry Babes owner Emily Hargraves confirmed that the company has funded scholarships for 10 women in the field of avalanche rescue—a move she likened to paying for graduate school.

“Over the next four or five years, Backcountry has committed to putting 10 women through the course progressions of AIARE and the AMGA,” said Hargraves, referring to the American Institute of Avalanche Research and Education and the American Mountain Guides Association. “That’s roughly $3,000 or more per year for four or five years. It’s quite a big financial commitment.”

She also noted that some of the scholarship winners received full outerwear kits from Backcountry.

David Ollila, the owner of Marquette Backcountry Skis, said that Backcountry has agreed to stock and sell his products on their website, as well as include him in sales processes as an advisor. He told SNEWS that the company has “delivered on both fronts.”

“I can't speak for anyone else, but I think they're doing a good job,” said Ollila. “More importantly, I think they've got a new perspective and that their intentions are good. I'm confident that they're genuine in trying to improve how—as a private-equity supported retailer—they mesh with the most passionate industry on the planet.”

A darker view of the Backcountry trademark fiasco

On the other side of the equation are business owners like Bryan Child, one of the founders of Bakcou eBikes (formerly Backcountry eBikes, renamed after legal threats). Child claims that Backcountry made no effort to reach out after the “legal bullying” he endured last year.

“We waited for the phone to ring, but it never did,” he told SNEWS. “Nor did we get anything in the mail.”

Child said the dispute with Backcountry, which included “malicious personal attacks,” cost his company tens of thousands of dollars. In addition to those costs, he feels the threats damaged his reputation as a businessman.

“It’s never good press when someone is claiming that you’re stealing,” he said. “It’s defamation of character.”

In spite of the bad blood, Child was adamant that he doesn’t want to be seen as a martyr. In fact, he made it known that he views the situation as a blessing in disguise. His company’s new name, he said, is much better than the old one, and he wouldn’t have made the switch if not for this dark chapter in his company’s history.

Backcountry’s final response

With some of the affected companies receiving significant financial assistance after the fiasco, and others, like Bakcou eBikes, apparently receiving none, the question remains: Why has Backcountry’s attempt at reconciliation been so uneven?

Asked to comment on what criteria Backcountry used to determine which companies received assistance and which did not, Cox said that, because of confidentiality agreements, “it would be inappropriate to comment on specific brands or actions.” She did reiterate, however, that Backcountry has complied with the terms of all the make-good agreements it entered into after the disputes last year.

“Backcountry has and will continue to honor its commitments to companies impacted by the 2019 trademark action,” Cox said. “We strive to be a dedicated, passionate, and contributing member of the greater outdoor community, and this responsibility will continue to guide us into the future.”

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